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Project Overview:

The research project entitled “Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes” is needed to bring together distinct groups of biophysical and socio-economic scientists to improve understanding of slow onset processes, identify new risk-based approaches integrating and improve coordination and partnership between Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation institutions to provide routine inputs to the loss & damage Forum.

The aim of the project is to leave a legacy of enhanced capability and collaboration in multidisciplinary research that links climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and loss & damage whilst fulfilling the goals of Asia-Pacific Network (APN). This will serve to improve “context specific” understanding of slow onset processes, identify integrated approaches to and disaster risk reduction, and facilitate development of robust methodologies on evaluating prospective economic and non-economic loss and damage.

There are six countries involved in this project such as Malaysia, Vietnam, The Philippines, Myanmar, and Cambodia, with transfer of expertise from Japan. The project will be implemented by five country level teams comprising researchers from multidisciplinary backgrounds, working closely with their respective policy and decision-makers and local communities. A local level pilot will be selected in each of the five countries, where information will be drawn from previously completed and ongoing studies funded by APN, ASEAN, ADB and other sources and primary surveys. Transfer of knowledge, mainly on economic and non-economic valuation will come from Japan.

The project will bring together, researchers, policy makers and practitioners from the fields of Climate Change Adaptation (mainly climate, biophysical scientists, etc.), Disaster Risk Reduction (mainly engineers, physical scientists, emergency respondents, etc.) and loss & damage (mainly social scientists, economists, etc.) to a specific area (i.e. the local level pilot).

The work plan for the project consists of three sequential phases over three-years, covering bio-physical, socio-economic and policy aspects.

The project work plan
The project work plan

Project Objectives:

The project on “Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes” has the following objectives:-

  1. Identify characteristics, priorities and emerging issues related to slow onset processes in low-lying coastal areas, floodplains and highlands of Southeast Asia that impacts the livelihood and well-being of the communities therein;
  2. Assess limits to adaptation based on the “best available science” and propose risk based approaches that integrate climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction;
  3. Develop methodologies to evaluate prospective loss and damage (both economic and non-economic) associated with adverse and cascading impacts of climate change drawing on lessons from disaster risk management, and discerning natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change; and
  4. Recommend policy and planning strategies to integrate climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and loss and damage in development plans in line with existing governance systems.

Project Members:

  • Joy Jacqueline Pereira (Project Leader), Southeast Asia Disaster Prevention Research Initiative, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (SEADPRI-UKM), Email: [email protected] / [email protected] [Project Proponent]
  • Tun Lwin, Myanmar Climate Change Watch, Email: [email protected]
  • Chhinh Nyda, Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Email:[email protected]
  • SVRK Prabhakar, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan, Email: [email protected]
  • Juan Pulhin, University of The Philippines Los Banos, Email: [email protected]
  • Nguyen Van Thang, Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment (IMHEN), Email: [email protected]

Outputs:

Publications:-

  1. Pereira, J.J., Pulhin, J., Nyda, C., Tran, D.T., & Satari, S.K. (2019). Appraising slow onset hazards for loss and damage: case studies in Southeast Asia. APN Science Bulletin 9 (1), 45-51.
  2. Umi, A.J., Lim, C.S. & Pereira, J. J. (2018). Implikasi perubahan iklim terhadap zon pesisir pantai di Kuala Selangor, Malaysia [Implications of climate change on the coastal zone in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia]. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, 66, 107-119.
  3. Nurul Syazwani, Y., Lim, C. S., Taha, M. R., Pereira, J. J. (2016). Exposure of municipal solid waste disposal sites to climate related geohazards: case study of Selangor. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, 62, 53-59.
  4. Umi, A.J., Jasni Yaakob, Saim Suratman & Pereira, J.J. (2016). Threats faced by groundwater: a preliminary study in Kuala Selangor. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, 62, 61-68.
  5. Tariqur Rahman, Mohamad Imam Hasan Reza, Choy, E.A., Pereira J.J. 2016. Measuring Loss and Damage: Approaches and Challenges. Bulletin SEADPRI 13, 4.
  6. Pereira, J.J., Pulhin, J, Nguyen V.T, Nyda, C., Lwin, T. & SVRK Prabhakar 2015. Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes. APN Science Bulletin, Issue 5, pp. 92.
  7. Nurfashareena, M., Lim, C. S., Reza, M. I. H., & Pereira, J. J. (2015). Urban hazards management: a case study of Langat River Basin, Peninsular Malaysia. Proceeding of the 2015 International Conference on Space Science and Communication, 438-443.
  8. Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (2015). SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  9. Hoeurn, C. (2015). Impacts of disasters on agricultural sector: a case of Kampong Speu Province, Cambodia. In: Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (Eds.), SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. (pp. 41-42). Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  10. Khin, M.C. & Lwin, T. (2015). Priorities for Myanmar. In: Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (Eds.), SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. (pp. 63). Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  11. Pereira, J.J. (2015). Integrating DRR, CCA and L+D: issues and challenges in the Klang Valley. In: Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (Eds.), SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. (pp. 48-51). Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  12. Pulhin, J. (2015). Loss and damage assessment on land and forest degradation: Overview of the Philippines. In: Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (Eds.), SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. (pp. 45-47). Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  13. Tran, D.T. (2015). Studies of natural disasters, slow onset events and loss and damage in Quang Ngai, Vietnam. In: Pereira, J.J., Ismail, M.K.Z., Satari, S.K., Derodofa, N. & Pairunan, R. (Eds.), SEADPRI series no.1: Laying the foundation for enhancing climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia. (pp. 43-44). Bangi, Malaysia: LESTARI Publishers.
  14. Pereira, J.J., Pulhin, J, Nguyen V.T, Nyda, C., Lwin, T. & SVRK Prabhakar 2015. Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes. APN Science Bulletin, Issue 5, pp. 92.

Events:-

  1. Workshop on Status of Climate Science and Technology in Asia, 15-16 November 2018. Organisers: IPCC, ANCST, APN, ISC-ROAP, etc. Project Members made presentations and posters from the APN project, to share findings with IPCC-AR6 authors from Asia. Plans were made to publish the pilot studies in peer reviewed journals.
  2. Regional Science-Policy Dialogue, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 16 November 2017. Organisers: ANCST, APN, UNISDR-ASTAAG, ISC-ROAP, etc. There were presentations on the APN project findings from Joy Jacqueline Pereira (SEADPRI-UKM), Chhinh Nyda (RUPP), Lorena Sabino (UPLB) and Tran Dinh Trong (IMHEN); and interaction with National Focal Points on Disaster Risk Reduction.
  3. SEADPRI Forum 2016 on Insurance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Adaptation, Bangi, Malaysia, 6 October 2016. Organisers: APN, ANCST, etc. The Forum facilitated an informal peer review of key findings on loss and damage. Project Member, S.V.R.K Prabhakar (IGES) made a presentation to end-users from the insurance, banking and investment sector.
  4. Workshop on Climate Change and Disaster Resilience – Post Sendai 2015, Manila, Philippines, 16-17 October 2015. Organisers: ASEAN, APN, ANCST, etc. The Workshop enabled side meetings were held with project members from the APN funded IGES Project led by Yohei Chiba and interaction with National Focal Points on Disaster Risk Reduction. There were presentations on L+D and adaptation by three project members: S.V.R.K Prabhakar (IGES), Sothun Nop (RUPP) and Tran Dinh Trong (IMHEN).
  5. Workshop of the ASEAN-India Project on Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation in Southeast Asia, Manila, Philippines, 14-15 October 2015. Organisers: ASEAN, APN, ANCST, etc. The Workshop facilitated side meetings on progress and publication plans; interaction of APN Project Members with UNFCCC National Focal Points; and share findings on local-level needs and priorities with about 40 participants from ASEAN Member States. There were presentations by Sothun Nop (RUPP), Joy Jacqueline Pereira (SEADPRI-UKM), Khin Maung Cho (MCCW), Juan Pulhin (UPLB) and Tran Dinh Trong (IMHEN).
  6. Workshop on Climate Science for Loss and Damage Projection, Port Dickson, 11-13 June 2015. Organisers: APN, ANCST, START etc. The Workshop enabled expert consultation on economic evaluation as well as peer review of local level pilots and other project findings from Year 1. Presentations were made by Institute of Global Environmental Studies (IGES); SEADPRI-Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia; etc.
  7. Workshop on Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation in Southeast Asia, Bangi, 5-6 February 2015. Organisers: ASEAN, APN, ANCST, etc. The Workshop served as the platform to harmonise approaches, terminology, methodology etc.; enabled APN Project Members to connect with their respective country representatives of UNFCCC National Focal Points; and share preliminary findings with participants from other ASEAN Member States. Presentations were made by Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP); Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN); University of The Philippines Los Banõs; SEADPRI-Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Myanmar Climate Change Watch at the special session on Local Level Climate Extremes, Slow Onset Events and Loss & Damage.
  8. Asia Pacific Adaptation Forum 2014, Kuala Lumpur, 1-3 October 2014. Organisers: APAN, UNEP, SEI, AIT, IGES, APN etc. The Forum served as the platform to hold the Inception Meeting of the Project and conduct a preliminary stocktake of knowledge status and interfacing with the APN funded Project of IGES led by Yohei Chiba. There were presentations by Joy Jacqueline Pereira, SEADPRI-Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (at Panel 2.3 Knowledge foundations of loss and damage systems, moderated by Linda Anne Stevenson of APN); Sothun Nop, Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP); Tran Dinh Trong, Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN); and SVRK Prabhakar & Yohei Chiba, Institute of Global Environmental Studies (IGES), Japan (at Panel 6.1 Climate Extremes and Disaster Risk Reduction, focusing on Emerging Issues and Priorities: Adapting to Climate Extremes and Slow Onset Disasters).

Presentation:- 

Presentations were made by the project leader/ members at the following events to disseminate the group’s findings and interface with policy makers (at no cost to the project):-

  1. Workshop on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation, 25 Oktober 2016, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  2. 1st Asian Science and Technology Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction-Science Policy Dialogue for Implementation of the Sendai Framework, 23-26 August 2016, Swissotel Nai Lert Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand.
  3. Conference on Risk Management in the Challenging World. 28 July 2016, Sunway Hotel, Malaysia.
  4. Workshop on Asian Strategies and Actions Towards Keeping the Temperature Increase to 1.5 Degrees Celsius and Avoiding Loss and Damage, 12-14 July 2016, Cyberjaya, Malaysia.
  5. Institute of Australian Geographers 2016 Conference, 29 Jun-1 July 2016, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
  6. 4th International Climate Change Adaptation Conference: Adaptation Futures 2016 Practice & Solutions,10-13 May 2016, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes